One of the most frustrating aspects of the measurement of severe pyroshock events is the acceleration offset that almost invariably occurs. Dependent on its magnitude, this can result in large, low-frequency errors in both shock response spectra (SRS) and velocity-based damage analyses.
Fortunately, recent developments in accelerometer technology, signal conditioning, and data acquisition systems have reduced these errors significantly. Best practices have been demonstrated to produce offset errors less than 0.25% of Peak-Peak value in measured near-field pyrotechnic accelerations: a remarkable achievement.
This paper will discuss the sensing technologies, including both piezoelectric and piezoresistive, that have come together to minimize these offsets. More important, it will document the many other potential contributors to these offsets. Included among these are accelerometer mounting issues, cable and connector sources, signal conditioning amplitude range/bandwidth, and digitizing errors (e.g. aliasing), and more.